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History - Knowledge And Skills Through History

Year GroupChronologyRange And Depth of Historical KnowledgeInterpretationsHistorical EnquiryOrganisation And Communication
Year 3
  • Place the time studied on a time lime.

  • Sequence events or artefacts.

  • Use dates related to the passing of time.

  • Find out about everyday lives of people in time studied.

  • Compare with our life today.

  • Identify reasons for and results of people's actions.

  • Understand why people may have had to do something.

  • Study change through the lives of significant individuals (e.g. Queen Elizabeth I and Queen Elizabeth II).

  • Identify and give reasons for different ways in which the past is represented distinguish between different sources and evaluate their usefulness look at representations of the period.

  • Use a range of sources to find out about a period observe small details – artefacts, pictures select and record information relevant to the study begin to use the library, e-learning for research ask and answer questions.

  • Communicate knowledge and understanding in a variety of ways - discussions, pictures, writing, annotations, drama, mode.

Year 4
  • Place events from period studied on a timeline.
  • Use terms related to the period and begin to date events.
  • Understand more complex terms e.g. BCE/AD.
  • Use evidence to reconstruct life in time studied.
  • Identify key features and events.
  • Look for links and effects in time studied. 
  • Offer reasonable explanation for some events.
  • Develop a broad understanding of ancient civilisations. 
  • Look at the evidence available.
  • Begin to evaluate the usefulness of different sources.
  • Use of text books and historical knowledge.
  • Use evidence to build-up a picture of a past event.
  • Choose relevant material to present a picture of one aspect of life in time past.
  • Ask a variety of questions.
  • Use the library and e-learning for research.
  • Select data and organise it into a data file to answer historical questions.
  • Know the period in which the study is set.
  • Display findings in a variety of ways.
  • Work independently and in groups.
Year 5
  • Place current study on timeline in relation to other studies.
  • Know and sequence key events of time studied.
  • Use relevant terms and periods labels.
  • Relate current studies to previous studies.
  • Make comparisons between different times in history.
  • Study different aspects of life of different people - differences between men and women.
  • Examine causes and results of great events and the impact on people.
  • Compare life in early and late times studied.
  • Compare an aspect of life with the same aspect in another period.
  • Study an ancient civilisation in detail (e.g. Benin, Shang Dynasty, Egypt).
  • Compare accounts of events from different sources.
  • Fact or fiction offers some reasons for different versions of events.
  • Begin to identify primary and secondary sources.
  • Use evidence to build up a picture of life in time studied.
  • Select relevant sections of information.
  • Confident use of library, e-learning and research.
  • Fit events into a display sorted by theme time.
  • Use appropriate terms, matching dates to people and events.
  • Record and communicate knowledge in different forms.
  • Work independently and in groups showing initiative. 
Year 6
  • Place current study on timeline in relation to other studies.
  • Use relevant dates and terms.
  • Sequence up to ten events on a timeline.
  • Find about beliefs, behaviours and characteristics of people, recognising that not everyone shares the same views and feelings.
  • Compare beliefs and behaviour with another period studied.
  • Write another explanation of a past event in terms of cause and effect using evidence to support and illustrate their explanation.
  • Know key dates, characters and events of time studied.
  • Compare and contrast ancient civilisations.
  • Link sources and work out how conclusions were arrived at.
  • Consider ways of checking the accuracy of interpretations - fact or fiction and opinion.
  • Be aware that different evidence will lead to different conclusions.
  • Confident use of the library etc. for research.
  • Recognise primary and secondary sources.
  • Use a range of sources to find out about an aspect of time past.
  • Suggest omissions and the means of finding out.
  • Bring knowledge gathering from several sources together in a fluent account.
  • Select aspect of study to make a display.
  • Use a variety of ways to communicate knowledge and understanding including extended writing plan and carry out individual investigations.